Coordination, administration and day-to-day management of internet’s technical resources is distributed across a number of bodies, including the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the ITU, and other public and private entities. Management of core internet infrastructure – Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, domain names, and root servers falls under the purview of ICANN. On its side, the IETF is in charge of ensuring interoperability by developing standards and protocols. The ITU manages telecommunications infrastructure. As overlaps between technical and policy issues become more prominent, governance of the core internet infrastructure will become more politicised – this was already exemplified by the uproar around the revisions to an ITU telecommunications treaty at the World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12).
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force